How did Britain colonize Australia and New Zealand?

Why did the British colonize Australia and New Zealand?

Britain began colonizing Australia in 1789 with convicts to relieve their overcrowded prisons. After their sentences were served, freed prisoners became settlers.

How did the British Colonise New Zealand?

In 1642, Dutch navigator Abel Tasman became the first European to discover the South Pacific island group that later became known as New Zealand. … Whalers, missionaries, and traders followed, and in 1840 Britain formally annexed the islands and established New Zealand’s first permanent European settlement at Wellington.

How did Britain colonize Australia?

The process of colonisation began in 1788. A fleet of 11 ships, containing 736 convicts, some British troops and a governor set up the first colony of New South Wales. It was an incredibly risky idea. … By colonising Australia Britain gained an important base for its ships in the Pacific Ocean.

Why did people colonize New Zealand?

Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) …

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Why is Norway's life expectancy so high?

How was the colonization of Australia and New Zealand distinct from the rest of New Imperialism?

Australia and New Zealand were both colonized by the United Kingdom. Australia started out as a British penal colony, but further settlement was encouraged with the granting of land (384). New Zealand had a much more dispersed colonization, initially started with whaling settlements.

Who really discovered New Zealand?

The dutch explorer Abel Tasman is officially recognised as the first European to ‘discover’ New Zealand in 1642. His men were the first Europeans to have a confirmed encounter with Māori.

Were Australia and New Zealand joined?

Australia and New Zealand have always had a close relationship. But for a few months in 1840–41 our connection was even closer – New Zealand was formally made an extension of the New South Wales colony. However, before this official relationship, the two British outposts had had a decades-long association.

What did the British do to the Aboriginal?

The English settlers and their descendants expropriated native land and removed the indigenous people by cutting them from their food resources, and engaged in genocidal massacres.

Was Australia settled or invaded?

In respect to the Aboriginal community, [“invasion”] is something that is very important and needs to be used. Australia was not settled by the common law but by the rules and disciplines of war.

What happened on 26th January?

Observed annually on 26 January, it marks the 1788 landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove and raising of the Union Flag by Arthur Phillip following days of exploration of Port Jackson in New South Wales. …

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Frequent question: Is Copenhagen really that expensive?