Sweden established colonies in the Americas in the mid-17th century, including the colony of New Sweden (1638–1655) on the Delaware River in what is now Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, as well as two possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Where did the Swedes first settle in America?
The first established settlement was built at what is now Wilmington, Delaware, and called Fort Christina. They then spread out to what is now Pennsylvania, and a few lived on the east side of the Delaware in New Jersey. The Jersey Swedes lived at Fort Elfsborg near Varins Kill.
Did Sweden have a colony in North America?
New Sweden, only Swedish colony in America, established by the New Sweden Company in March 1638 and captured by the Dutch in 1655. The first expedition, including both Swedes and Dutchmen, was commanded by Peter Minuit, who purchased land from the Indians and named the settlement Fort Christina (later Wilmington, Del.)
When did the Swedish explore North America?
In December 1637, Minuit and his settlers began their trip across the Atlantic from Goethenburg, Sweden. The travelers landed on the banks of the Delaware in the spring of 1638, disembarked, and met with the local Native Americans to purchase the land.
Did Sweden colonize anywhere?
Sweden possessed overseas colonies from 1638 to 1663, in 1733 and from 1784 to 1878. Sweden possessed five colonies, four of which were short lived. The colonies spanned three continents: Africa, Asia and North America.
Who were the first settlers in Sweden?
New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige; Finnish: Uusi Ruotsi; Latin: Nova Svecia) was a Swedish colony along the lower reaches of the Delaware River in America from 1638 to 1655, established during the Thirty Years’ War when Sweden was a great military power.
|New Sweden Nya Sverige|
|Today part of||United States|
Where did the Swedes settle in Gold Coast?
The colony consisted of fortifications and trading posts (factories): Fort Carlsborg (also Carolusborg and Cape Coast Castle), present day Cape Coast, Central Region, under Swedish administration 22 April 1650 – January/February 1658, 10 December 1660 – 22 April 1663.
Why did the Swedes settle in America?
A strong population growth in Sweden increased the pressure on a society that was fundamentally agricultural in nature, and moving to North America provided the Swedish emigrants with economic opportunity not available in the homeland.
What happened to the Swedish colony in America?
Having survived for some 17 years, New Sweden ceased to exist as an independent settlement. Sweden never again had an American colony after 1655, but its short-lived enterprise left a mark on the Delaware River Valley.
When was Sweden first settled?
The first humans arrived in Sweden by 8,000 BC after the end of the ice age, when warming temperatures first made the country habitable. The first Swedes were stone age hunters and fishermen who lived near the coast. However, after 4,000 BC farming was introduced into Sweden. The farmers used stone tools and weapons.
Where did the Swedish settle in Texas?
Svenska kullen, or “Swedish hill,” in downtown Austin was home to almost 50 Swedish families. Settlers located in and near Austin, Dallas, Ft. Worth, and Waco, as well as smaller towns.
Where did the Dutch settle in America?
After some early trading expeditions, the first Dutch settlement in the Americas was founded in 1615: Fort Nassau, on Castle Island along the Hudson, near present-day Albany. The settlement served mostly as an outpost for trading in fur with the native Lenape tribespeople, but was later replaced by Fort Orange.
What did the Swedes bring to America?
Numerous books, journals, pamphlets, and other types of publications were brought out in Swedish America by a variety of publishers. Bookstores existed in many of the major urban settlements through which many imported books from Sweden were sold as well.
Was Norway a colony of Sweden?
After Sweden left the union in 1523, Norway became the junior partner in Denmark–Norway. … In 1814, after being on the losing side of the Napoleonic Wars with Denmark, Norway was ceded to the king of Sweden by the Treaty of Kiel. Norway declared its independence and adopted a constitution.