Where do Norway spruce trees come from?

The Norway spruce hails from Europe. And while this species does grow in Norway, the name is a bit of a misnomer. This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway around 500 B.C.

Where is Norway spruce native?

GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Norway spruce is native to the European Alps, the Balkan mountains, and the Carpathians, its range extending north to Scandinavia and merging with Siberian spruce (Picea obovata) in northern Russia [50].

Is Norway spruce native to the UK?

Norway spruce is widespread in the UK, having been planted for forestry in the 1800s. It is native to mountainous areas of Europe and was originally from Scandinavia. It is thought the Norway spruce was native to the UK in the last interglacial period, and records show it was re-introduced as early as 1548.

Are Norway spruce native to North America?

Norway spruce Picea abies

P. abies is a tall, conical spruce tree native to alpine and northern Europe, and extensively planted (and largely naturalized) in North America. … It is one of the most commercially important species in northern Europe and Scandinavia.

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Is Norway spruce an invasive species?

Editor’s note: Some spruce trees, like the Norway spruce (Picea abies), were introduced to North America from Europe, and are now considered invasive species. As they invade an area, the Norway creates a new habitat that few native plants can tolerate.

What is Norwegian spruce good for?

Uses: The Norway spruce’s tough and elastic timber, known as ‘white deal’, is used for internal building work, boxes and paper. Its sound transmitting properties make it ideal for certain parts of violins – its timber is sometimes referred to as ‘violin wood’.

What is the difference between a white spruce and a Norway spruce?

Use the subtle differences between these two spruce species to tell them apart. Observe that the needles of white spruce are bluish-green and up to three-quarters of an inch long. Norway spruce has shiny dark green needles that can reach an inch in length.

Can you eat Norway Spruce?

In the spring, the newly-emerging needles of conifers are soft, and can be eaten raw. Many wild food gatherers consider them a delicacy, and some only eat them raw, as a trailside nibble.

How deep are Norway Spruce roots?

The surface root system can be defined as that part of the root system which lies within approximately 30 cm of the soil surface (Lyr and Hoffmann, 1967). Especially under favourable growing conditions a horizontal (surface root) and a vertical (deep root) component of Norway spruce can easily be distinguished.

How big does a Norway Spruce get?

Norway SprucePicea abies

The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60′ and a spread of 25–30′ at maturity.

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Do all Norway spruce have pine cones?

As a conifer, the Norway Spruce produces both male and female cones in order to reproduce. The male cones are small and reddish and can be found clustered around stems.

Do Norway spruce shed needles?

The traditional Norway Spruce is a really cost-effective tree to boy but is prone to dropping needles. So look for the unscented Nordmann Fir (above) or citrusy Douglas Fir. These do tend to be more expensive to buy but will hold their needles better.

Where are Picea Abies?

Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals. In its native European habitat, it typically matures to 100-150′ (occasionally to 200′) tall.

How fast do Norway Spruce grow?

The Norway Spruce is a fast growing (2-3′ per year) evergreen that has dark green needles that are 1 inch long, and can grow up to 5 ft a year in a good weather year. It never drops its needles but keeps them on for up to 10 years.

Does Norway Spruce tolerate shade?

Norway Spruce performs best in full sun. Although it can survive in some shade, the form of Norway Spruce becomes loose and unsightly when it receives less than 6 hours of direct sun. Be aware of available light when siting this tree for best results. Norway Spruce, like other spruces, is mostly deer resistant.

Is Norway Spruce native to Massachusetts?

In western Massachusetts, non-native Norway spruce (Picea abies) were planted in the early 1900s as a potential commercial species, but now land managers are wondering whether they should retain them to support native wildlife.

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