You asked: Why did the British decide to colonize Australia and New Zealand?

The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.

Why did the British colonize Australia and New Zealand?

Britain began colonizing Australia in 1789 with convicts to relieve their overcrowded prisons. After their sentences were served, freed prisoners became settlers.

Why did British decide to Colonise Australia?

By colonising Australia Britain gained an important base for its ships in the Pacific Ocean. It also gained an important resource in terms of being somewhere to send convicts. Until the American Revolution Britain could send convicts to the Thirteen Colonies.

How did the British Colonise New Zealand?

In 1642, Dutch navigator Abel Tasman became the first European to discover the South Pacific island group that later became known as New Zealand. … Whalers, missionaries, and traders followed, and in 1840 Britain formally annexed the islands and established New Zealand’s first permanent European settlement at Wellington.

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How did British rule impact Australia and New Zealand?

What effect did colonization have on Australia’s indigenous population? … The colonies united into the independent Commonwealth of Australia. Britain annexed New Zealand. As colonists poured in, the took more and more land, leading to fierce wars with Maori.

Why did Britain Colonise the world?

England, in what is now Britain, wanted more land overseas where it could build new communities, known as colonies. These colonies would provide England with valuable materials, like metals, sugar and tobacco, which they could also sell to other countries.

Why did the colonies agree to federate?

Reasons for Federation. … By the 1880s the inefficiency of this system, a growing unity among colonists and a belief that a national government was needed to deal with issues such as trade, defence and immigration saw popular support for Federation grow.

What did the British bring to Australia?

Whaling ships, mostly from Britain, had been visiting Sydney, and a robust trade developed. In New Holland the quality of goods and the production of food improved. In 1797, grapes were planted. There was the planting of grains and fruit trees along with the raising of chickens, cattle and sheep.

How was the colonization of Australia and New Zealand distinct from the rest of New Imperialism?

Australia and New Zealand were both colonized by the United Kingdom. Australia started out as a British penal colony, but further settlement was encouraged with the granting of land (384). New Zealand had a much more dispersed colonization, initially started with whaling settlements.

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Who Colonised Australia first?

The First Fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788 to establish a penal colony, the first colony on the Australian mainland. In the century that followed, the British established other colonies on the continent, and European explorers ventured into its interior.

When did Australia become independent from Britain?

Australia became officially autonomous in both internal and external affairs with the passage of the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act on 9 October 1942. The Australia Act 1986 eliminated the last vestiges of British legal authority at the Federal level.

How was the colonization of Australia and New Zealand?

The British conquered Australia and used it first as a penal colony and later as a civilian colony for themselves. In New Zealand, the Europeans made a treaty with the Maori that gave them effective rule and ownership of the land.

Why did Britain agree to demands for self rule in Australia?

Why did Britain agree to demands for self-rule in Australia? Britain did not oppress Australia, and force it to remain a colony. There was not the same violence as seen in the American War of Independence, and perhaps Britain wanted to avoid replaying this event.

How did British rule impact Australia?

After the British handed over direct rule to Australia in 1901, the treatment of Aboriginal peoples did not improve. Throughout the 1600s and 1700s Britain had a major problem with crime and criminals. Many people convicted of crimes (including petty crimes such as theft) were sentenced to be transported to America.

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